Bordetella bronchiseptica is a bacterium that is commonly associated with respiratory disease in dogs.
- It is one of several organisms included on a short list* of bacteria and viruses that cause canine infectious bronchitis/tracheitis or canine cough.
- It can infect dogs, cats, rabbits, guinea pigs, and rarely humans.
- It is airborne- from coughing or sneezing of an infected dog
- It also is transmitted by direct contact (i.e. sharing feeding bowls, bedding)
- Incubation period (the time of exposure until displaying symptoms) is around 14 days
- Hacking, honking, and/or gagging cough
- Has also been described as having something “stuck in the throat”
- Occasional discharge from the nose
- Possible fever
- Possible lethargy
- Usually based on clinical signs
- Also based on history of possible exposure
- In most cases, no treatment is needed.
- Antibiotics and cough suppressants may be prescribed
- Use a harness instead of a collar. This prevents irritation to already sensitive trachea
- Though please note that if a dog is already incubating the bacterium the vaccine will not prevent infection.
*Other cases of canine cough may be caused by Canine Adenovirus Type 2, Canine Influenza, and Parainfluenza